David MacNeil sells car mats. A 1991 article in the Chicago Reader; a 2006 article in the Scientific American, Mind magazine; and a 2008 article in Boston Globe describe McNeill's work on the language of gesture in detail. デイヴィッド・マクニール（David Mcneill） はアイルランド出身のフリーのジャーナリスト。アルスター大学でリベラル・アーツの学位を取得。1998年、エディンバラ・ネピア大学で博士号を取得。1995年から1999年、リヴァプール・ジョン・ムーア大学で務める。その後、中国の広東工業大学でも教壇に立つ。2000年から日本に滞在するようになる。拓殖大学、法政大学、東京大学、上智大学で非常勤講師を務める。日本外国特派員協会の報道企画委員会委員長を務める。, 新聞記者としてはガヴァン・マコーマックが2002年に創設したジャパン・フォーカスの編集者であり、日本に関するニュースをエコノミスト誌やアイリッシュタイムズに寄稿している。また、慰安婦問題に関する「日本の歴史家たちを支持する声明」に上智大学講師、ジャーナリストの肩書で賛同の署名を行っている。『雨ニモマケズ: 外国人記者が伝えた東日本大震災』の共同著者。, 2016年1月、英字新聞の「Number 1 Shimbun」に「In the valley of the trolls（トロールという敵だらけの世界で）」の記事を寄稿。インターネットで誹謗中傷を行う「インターネット・トロル」から日本で最も被害を受けてると述べている。, デイリーメール 2014年11月28日「Japan's ruling party accused of shying from election questions」 "McNeill, who writes for The Economist and the Irish Times", https://ja.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=デイビッド・マクニール&oldid=80285652. McNeill furthers this conception of the material carrier by turning to Maurice Merleau-Ponty for insight into the duality of gesture and language. Much evidence supports this idea, but its full implications have not always been recognized.. The greater the felt departure of the thought from the immediate context, the more likely is its materialization in a gesture, because of this contribution to being. An alternative, which McNeill calls "Mead's Loop" after the philosopher George Herbert Mead, explains this unity. MacNeil took a gamble and a $50,000 second mortgage to import expensive mats from the United Kingdom. Enter your email address to subscribe to Business Bigwigs and receive notifications of new posts by email. Evidence shows that self-aware agency could be such a signal. , In his research, McNeill has studied videoed discourses of the same stimulus stories being retold "together with their co-occurring spontaneous gestures" by "speakers of different languages, [...] by non-native speakers at different stages of learning English, by children at various ages, by adolescent deaf children not exposed to language models, and by speakers with neurological impairments (aphasic, right hemisphere damaged, and split-brain patients).". Gesture, the instantaneous, global, nonconventional component, is "not an external accompaniment" of speech, which is the sequential, analytic, combinatoric component; it is not a "representation" of meaning, but instead meaning "inhabits" it. From this viewpoint, a gesture is an image in its most developed: that is, its most materially, naturally embodied form. MacNeil attributes his success to producing a product that is high quality and home grown. Who is David MacNeil? For McNeill, the GP is a mechanism geared to this "existential significance" of speech, this "taking up a position in the world". Dissatisfied with the quality of existing automotive floor mats, WeatherTech … "Mistakes when deceiving.". Speech and gesture originated together, at the same time, in response to the same selection pressures. デイヴィッド・マクニール（David Mcneill） はアイルランド出身のフリーのジャーナリスト。 アルスター大学でリベラル・アーツの学位を取得 。1998年、エディンバラ・ネピア大学で博士号を取得。1995年から1999年、リヴァプール・ジョン・ムーア大学でを務める。 Made in America, high-quality car mats. For other people named David McNeill, see, Research on the psychology of language and gesture, Ekman, Paul. Find out in this post! The growth point, or GP, posits that gestures and speech are unified and need to be considered jointly. In fact, it fails it twice, predicting what did not evolve (that speech supplanted gesture) and not predicting what did evolve (our own speech-gesture unity). When no gesture occurs, there is still global-synthetic imagery in a dialectic with linguistic categorization, but we experience it at the "lowest level of materialization". This and other research has formed the subject matter of a number of books which McNeill has written through his career. The GP emerges around age 3 or 4 years, which is also about when children first become aware of themselves as agents, since before that age the speech and gestures of children have “…the character of 'sharing' experiences with the other rather than of 'communicating' messages to the Other", as put by Heinz Werner and Bernard Kaplan in their 1963 book, Symbol Formation. It was a shout-out to all his naysayers who didn’t think he could do it, who didn’t think an American-only company could profit. Who Owns WeatherTech? WeatherTech’s David MacNeil: Where Is He Now? Advertising works, too. Gesture and Thought was reviewed in Language in Society and Metaphor and Symbol in 2007. Thus, McNeill argues, we look for new states that seem pegged to steps in the ontogenesis of GPs and Mead's Loop underlying them, and consider these steps as possible signals from ancient phylogenesis. Copyright 2018 Business Bigwigs; all rights reserved, View @BusinessBigwigs’s profile on Twitter, View businessbigwigs’s profile on Pinterest, View +Businessbigwigs’s profile on Google+. In terms of semiotics, as a kind of sign, a gesture is "global" (in that the meanings of the "parts"—the hand shapes, space, direction, articulation–-depend in a top-down fashion on the meaning of the whole) and "synthetic" (in that several meanings are bundled into one gesture). His idea for the company came in 1988 when he was working as the vice president of U.S. sales for the automotive company AMG and noticed how poor the quality of the mats were, even though they were serving luxury vehicles. The theory of mind (which is really awareness of other perspectives) also emerges about this time, and likewise depends on self-aware agency. McNeill employs the concept of "material carriers", a phrase used by Vygotsky to refer to the embodiment of meaning in enactments or material experiences to further develop the concepts of Mead's Loop and the GP. Hand and Mind was reviewed in Language and Speech; the American Journal of Psychology; and Language in 1994. It too claims that gesture was essential to the origin of language, but not because it was "primitive" or more accessible. David MacNeil sells car mats. David McNeill (born 1933 in California, United States) is an American psychologist and writer specializing in scientific research into psycholinguistics and especially the relationship of language to thought, and the gestures that accompany discourse. The Acquisition of Language was reviewed in the International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders in 1971. (eds.). 1981. Within a few years WeatherTech was manufacturing its own mats (which cost consumers an average of $150 each), digitally measuring each vehicle for custom made mats that trap water, road salt, mud, and sand – and more importantly, stay in place to keep the floor clean. The story of how MacNeil mortgaged his house to pay for the first mats he sold is a legend. John-Steiner, Vera, Panofsky, Carolyn P. and Smith, Larry W. It is not an alteration of the dialectic of its essentials-–the simultaneous rendering of meaning in opposite semiotic modes-–but a bleached version of it. McNeill considers that when something emerges in current-day ontogenesis only at a certain stage of development, the original natural selection of the feature (if there was any) might have taken place in a similar psychological milieu in phylogenesis. , McNeill studied for and was awarded a Bachelor of Arts in 1953 and a Doctor of Philosophy in 1962, both in psychology, at the University of California, Berkeley. Duolingo Expands Offerings as It Prepares for IPO. He is founder and CEO of WeatherTech. Mead's Loop and the mirror neuron "twist" would be naturally selected in scenarios where sensing one's own actions as social is advantageous. The material carrier concept thus helps explain how an imagery-language dialectic can take place in absence of gesture. He went on to study at the Center for Cognitive Studies, Harvard University in 1963. Speech and gesture, taken together, comprise minimal units of human linguistic cognition. Following Lev Vygotsky in defining a "unit" as the smallest package that retains the quality of being a whole, in this case the whole of a gesture-language unity, McNeill calls the minimal psychological unit a Growth Point because it is meant to be the initial pulse of thinking-for-(and while)-speaking, out of which a dynamic process of organization emerges. It has recently expanded by working with German and Korean carmakers for their private-label business, which now accounts for 30% of the company’s overall sales. , As well as being a member of Phi Beta Kappa and Sigma Xi and holding several academic fellowships including a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1973-1974, McNeill was Gustaf Stern Lecturer at the University of Göteborg, Sweden in 1999; and Vice President of the International Society for Gesture Studies from 2002–2005. His company sells high-quality car and truck accessories ranging from digitally made mats to cup holders and even pet ramps. , In 1995, McNeill won the Award for Outstanding Faculty Achievement, University of Chicago; and in 1995 he was awarded the Gordon J. Laing Award from the University of Chicago Press for the book Hand and Mind. This too is part of the origin of language by Mead's Loop (and explains the gestural leakage of lies.  By performing the gesture, a core idea is brought into concrete existence and becomes part of the speaker's own existence at that moment. The link between the GP and self-aware agency also appears in children's language development, which can be linked to the origin of language in a version of the long-dismissed "ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny" hypothesis of recapitulation theory. Merleau-Ponty links gesture and existential significance: The link between the word and its living meaning is not an external accompaniment to intellectual processes, the meaning inhabits the word, and language 'is not an external accompaniment to intellectual processes'.
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